The climatic zones and regions of Pakistan with there representative cities are as … Unsuitable climatic condition or change of climate in particular area forces the species to migrate from one place to another and the failure of some species to migration leads them to gradual extinction. Karachi coast climate is very moderate because of the influence of sea. Makran coast climate is dry and hot. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. Pakistan’s adaption to climate change Pakistan being highly vulnerable to extreme climate events is into a state of forced adaption. Trade takes place through out all year because sea doesn’t freezes. The geography of Pakistan is a blend of landscapes. Three ecological zones (Cotton Zone, Rice Zone and Arid Zone) will be selected to explore the effects of climate change on the farming communities and farmers’ concern toward climate change. Climate influences the lifestyle, economic activities and temperament of people to great extent. The ecoregion boasts 190 bird species, although none is endemic to the ecoregion. It is a matter of general experience that the plants and animals of the land and inland waters differ to a greater or lesser degree from one part of the world to another. Pakistan's climate is a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations in temperature, both seasonally and daily, because it is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N). AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES AND CROP PRODUCTION REGIONS Pakistan is situated between the latitudes of 24° and 37° north and longitudes of 61° to 75° east, stretching over 1 600 kilometres from north to south and 885 kilometres from east to west, with a total area of 796 095 square kilometres. The broader classification of ecological zones of Pakistan consists of Alpine zone, Temperate zone, Sub … There is a huge potential for adaption in Pakistan, particularly in strengthening and fortifying the flood infrastructure including water reservoirs and water channels. You’ll find plains, deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus. 3. The ecoregion lies in the Indus Valley in Pakistan. 1) Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan : a) Agro-Ecological Zones -NWFP : b) Agro-Ecological Zones -PUNJAB : c) Agro-Ecological Zones -SINDH : d) Agro-Ecological Zones -BALOCHISTAN: 2) Cropping Patterns - Pakistan : 3) Aridity Classes - Pakistan : 4) Crop Growth Classes - Pakistan It has a subtropical and semi-arid climate. The Himalayan subtropical pine forests ecoregion in Pakistan is classified under the Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests Biome. Coastal zone is divided in two parts; the Makran coast and Karachi coast. The region is divided into the eastern and the western part of the Kali Gandaki river valley. Like now in winters northern and western areas of Pakistan are experiencing severe coldness. Temperatures recorded in the summer are over 45 degrees Celsius. Little rainfall is recorded from July to September, ranging between 100 to 500 mm. Pakistan, being a developing nation, is yet to actually curb environmental threats such as industrial pollution, rapid deforestation, and poaching. Remote Sensing of Global Precipitation. PAKISTAN PERSPECTIVE Pakistan is the second largest country in South Asia and mainly comprises dry or cold areas with low production potential. Extensive irrigation, agriculture, human encroachment and pollution have been identified as major threats to the ecoregion’s sustainability. Pakistan is a land of high mountains, fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts. Planning of Agro climatic zones of India The Environment and Climate Change Outlook of Pakistan is a review of the environmental conditions, the impacts of climate change and the status of national response to the changing situation in the country. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, 10 Animals That Live in Pakistan — Pakistan Animals, Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests, Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves, Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe, Kuhrud-Kohbanan Mountains forest steppe, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. In common saying Pakistan is mini world. It has severely cold winters and to warm summers characterized the climate in northern and north western areas of highland zone.During winters the temperature reaches to freezing point. It has long summers and mild to cool winters and in summer temperature ranges between 30-40 Celsius. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on July 30 2019 in Environment. The well marked impact has been seen on moisture and thermal regimes which resulted into drift in agroclimatic zones. Climatic divisions of Pakistan are: A.Highland climate B.Lowland climate C.Coastal climate D.Arid climate 6. Highlights Six agro-climate zone schemes used in yield gap and crop production analyses were reviewed and compared. It is divided in Punjab and Sindh. This mangrove ecoregion lies on the Arabian Sea coastline of the Sindh Province in Pakistan. Summer temperatures recorded are as high as 50 degrees Celsius. Examples of sub-tropical climate are the cities of Quetta, Kalat, Zhob, Pashin and Waziristan area. Coastal zone is divided in two parts; the Makran coast and Karachi coast. The availability of fresh water is mostly affected by a change in climate. Ecological zones on land are dependent on and defined by precipitation intensity, variability and annual amounts. Ecologically Pakistan is distributed into nine ecological zones depending mainly on moisture availability, temperature, elevation and soil conditions. The Effects of Climate on Life and economic activities of People in Different regions. The description shows the dates of coverage for each publication, the parameters you can find in the data, and a list of the volumes that the Library holds with links to the years for which images are available. Ecological Regions of Pakistan: Biome: Baluchistan xeric woodlands: Deserts and xeric shrublands: East Afghan montane conifer forests: Temperate coniferous forests: Himalayan subtropical pine forests: Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests: Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves: Mangrove: Indus Valley desert: Deserts and xeric shrublands CONTD Zone A indicates highland climate prevailing over northern, north-western and western mountains. The ecoregion lies in the Thar Desert, found both in Pakistan and India. Pakistan has three seasons: winter (November to March) is warm and cooled by sea breezes on the coast; summer (April to July) has extreme temperatures and the monsoon season (July to … The burnt slopes in the region are home to abundant grass species such as Imperata cylindrica and Arundinella setosa and shrub species including Rubus and Berberis. Fauna in the region do not exhibit a high level of endemism and includes 120 mammal species such as the barking deer, goral, and yellow-throated marten. Zone B has lowland climate, which prevails over the whole of the Indus Plain. These are based on topography, weather and many other factors. Makran coast climate is dry and hot. Its objective is to provide a general evaluation of the quality of environment and emerging sustainable development trends in the country. The Indus Valley ecoregion is the only one that lies entirely in Pakistan while the rest are shared with its neighbors such as India and Nepal. Karachi coast climate is very moderate because of the influence of sea. The desert is almost inhospitable with annual rainfall ranging a mere 640 to 760 mm. 9, Issue 17: Jul 2012 37 Rainfall Trends in Different Climate Zones of Pakistan Salma, S.1, S. Rehman1, M. A. Shah2 Abstract In this paper, the study was conducted across the country to assess the rainfall trend in different climate zones of Pakistan … Pakistan lies in the monsoon region, yet its climate is mostly dry.There is a great variation in the patterns of rainfall in different climatic zones and regions of Pakistan.The average annual rainfall in Pakistan is 255 mm. Pakistan has a diversity of climate due to difference in physical landscapes. The mangroves support a rich undergrowth of saplings. Geologically Pakistan overlaps the E… Olsen, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, 2015. Why should this Several mammal species have adapted to the extreme conditions including the desert fox, the endangered blackbuck, caracal, and the Indian wild ass. Hunting of the mammal species is, however, a major threat. The sub-tropical regions are present in the North-west of Pakistan.The rainfall average in summer is 95mm and in winter it is 63-95 mm. Mangrove trees are the dominant flora, with the common species being the gray mangroves alongside red, black, and Indian mangroves. The land usually is low lying and near to the river. An ecoregion (ecological region) or ecozone (ecological zone) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than a biogeographic realm.Ecoregions cover relatively large areas of land or water, and contain characteristic, geographically distinct assemblages of natural communities and species. The ecoregion is also a significant avifauna migration point, and waterbirds such as flamingos and pelicans inhabit the region. ecological zoning in this era where regions are experiencing climate variability and change has widespread applications in land use planning; design of appropriate agricultural adaptations and reducing vulnerability (Downing et al., 1997; Salinger et al., 2005). The Global Yield Gap Atlas Extrapolation Domain seems to be the best currently available … Pakistan Journal of Meteorology Vol. The eastern part receives more rainfall from monsoon winds from the Bay of Bengal. An agro-ecological zone is the land unit carved out of agro-climatic zone superimposed on landform which acts as modifier to climate and length of growing period. The Indus River-Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves ecoregion is classified in the Mangrove Biome. The ecoregion receives less human influence than other ecoregions due to the extreme conditions. Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan : Pakistan, situated between the latitudes of 24o and 37o North and longitudes of 61o to 75o East, stretching over 1600 kilometers north to south and 885 kilometers east to west with a total area of 796,095 square kilometers, has a sub-tropical and semi-arid climate. Classification: The classification of the Agro-Ecological zone of Pakistan on the base of climate, land use and water use .Pakistan has 10 (AEZ) these are following, Indus delta; Southern irrigation plain; Sandy desert; Northern irrigation plain; Barani lands; Wet mountains; Northern dry mountains; Western dry mountains calamities suffered by Pakistan in the recent past have further eroded the coping capacity, of people and institutions, making them more vulnerable to future negative impacts of climate change. As well as Pakistan’s coastal zones, particularly the city of Karachi, could be affected by coastal erosion and inundation through sea level rise. 141 bird species have been identified in the region including the great Indian bustard, tawny eagle, and laggar Falcon. The arid and semi-arid zones are the most vulnerable to climate change as these regions are already facing water shortage and high temperature. This study has shown that Pakistan is divided into four broad distinct Precipitation effective Index climatic Zones; first is Rain forest (Wet) where PE index values are between 50 to 148, second is Forest (humid) where index values ranges between 10-49, third is partly forest (less humid) with index values ranging from 20-33 and fourth one is Arid (dry) having values which are less than 20. The mangroves are an important breeding ground for fish and crustaceans. Global warming has a serious impact on Pakistan’s climatic conditions. Biogeographic region, area of animal and plant distribution having similar or shared characteristics throughout. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. AbdulRauf, Inam Memon, Dheeraj Kumar and Ghulam Mustafa (IX-D). Trade takes place through out all year because sea doesn’t freezes. Pakistan is committed to engaging vigorously with the international community to find solutions and help the world toward a new era of global cooperation on climate change. Rainfall in the region averages between 100 and 500 mm in the months of July to September. Pakistan has also been divided into different agro-ecological zones. The Indus Valley Desert ecoregion is classified in the Deserts and xeric shrublands Biome. Situated in South Asia, Pakistan’s ecoregions are home to a wide range of flora and fauna. This zone occurs in two parts: the south eastern deserts and Kharan desert.There is Karez system commonly paractised to irrigate the agriculture field. six agro-ecological zones in the country. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Pakistan Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. These were the climatic regions of Pakistan. Although Pakistan is facing environmental challenges, which include climate change impacts, loss of biological diversity, deforestation and degradation of air and water quality, Pakistan is … The climate, an ecological barrier, plays important role in distribution and establishment of species. Agro-ecological zones are also used to determine crop water requirements The Nara Desert Wildlife Sanctuary and the Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary are some of the conservation reserves in the region. Other ecoregions in Pakistan are: Baluchistan xeric woodlands; East Afghan Montane conifer forests; Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe; Kuhrud-Kohbanan Mountains forest steppe; Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows; Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh; Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert; Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows; Western Himalayan broadleaf forests and Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. Scrub species such as Acacia Calligonum polygonoides and Crotalaria and grasses such as Eleusine, Eragrostis, Panicum, and Cyperus are common vegetation in the region. Climatic changes are expected to have wide-ranging impacts on Pakistan: reduced agricultural productivity, increased variability of water availability, increased coastal erosion and seawater incursion, and increased frequency of extreme climatic events. it have temperature ranging between -2 to -10 and in summers temperature ranges between 15-20 Celsius. The publications shown below contain climatological and other geophysical data for Pakistan. Zone C has coastal climate experienced by the Makran Coast, Karachi Coast and Indus Delta till … Sand dunes, rock forms, and salt-lake bottoms are some of the landforms found in the region. S. Unninayar, L.M. It consists of upper Indus plain and Lower Indus plain. Agro-climatic conditions mainly refer to soil types, rainfall, temperature and water availability which influence the type of vegetations. Number of zones required to adequately cover the harvested area of a target crop was calculated for each scheme. Pakistan is one of few countries in the world to have every kind of geological structure. Climate change is manifested in Ghana through: (i) rising temperatures, (ii) declining rainfall totals and increased variability, (iii) rising sea levels and (iv) high incidence of weather extremes and disasters. 32 mammal species have been identified in the region including caracal, Indian leopard, hyena, and Indian wolf. The desert is densely populated and overgrazing and the introduction of alien species have been identified as some of the threats to the ecoregion. This ecoregion stretches for about 3,000 km across the Himalayas through Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bhutan. The dominant pine species is the chir pine ( Pinux roxburghii). The water resources of Pakistan are scarce which directly relates to food insecurity, especially in rural areas. Climate change may also impact forestry through changes in forest area, productivity changes, and changes in species composition and distribution. Shrubs are the most common vegetation, with the most common species being the Prosopis. The trees in this ecoregion are widely spaced, and fire is a common occurrence in the forests. Agro ecological zones of Pakistan Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The average annual … There are coastal areas along the Arabian Sea and mountains of the Karakoram Range in the north part of Pakistan. There are green mountains and dry mountains, land rich for cultivating, and waterfalls. The ecoregion has been severely degraded through agriculture and deforestation. The Thar Desert ecoregion is classified in the Deserts and xeric shrublands Biome. Within-zone climate heterogeneity was analyzed for each scheme. Climate Change Policy.

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